How to teach a child to eat independently and accurately - a complete instruction for parentsApril 24, 2017
Growing up, the baby goes through important stages of development. First, he holds the bottle with his own hands, but soon it's time to teach the karapuz to eat without the help of adults. For mother it is a complex and responsible process, so useful tips and lessons for self-feeding will be useful.
How to understand that the child is ready to eat independently?
One can not unequivocally answer the question about the age at which a child needs to give a spoon. It depends on the level of development and on the curiosity of the child. Some children grab a spoon at the age of six months, although they still can not hold it, while others refuse to eat cutlery up to 2 years. There are also such kids, who begin to eat themselves only in 3-4 years.
However, it is not necessary to delay the training. The earlier the child begins to eat without the help of adults, the easier it will be for the mother. In addition, these skills are very useful in the kindergarden.
Experts advise teaching a child to keep a spoon from the age of 9-10 months. In this case, by the age of 1,5 years, he will be able to confidently work with cutlery.
Instruction for parents who want to teach the child to eat with a spoon
When the baby begins to reach for the spoon, he is already ready to try to eat on his own. If you do everything right, after a few months the child will learn to use cutlery. No matter how expensive your time is, no matter how much you want to keep the kitchen clean - do not miss the moment! If a crumb requires a spoon - give it a spoon. And further - follow the instructions.
Have enough patience. The handles of the one-year-old baby are not yet strong. At first, it will be very difficult for him to keep a spoon, and he will miss her by the mouth. The training will take from 1 to 6 months;
Train in different places. A great way to teach a child something is to turn the process into an educational game. Offer the baby to feed plastic bunnies with sand using a spatula when he plays on the playground. So he will improve the coordination of movements, which will come in handy later in the real kitchen;
Do not leave your baby alone with a full plate - he can choke or get squashed because he can not eat. In addition, at first the child will still be able to bring to the mouth no more than 3-4 spoonfuls. Then he will get tired, and you will have to help him;
Choose the right food. Food should be such that the child can scoop it up with a spoon and bring it to the mouth. The soup baby sheds, and slices the food with his hands. Therefore, choose your choice of thick porridge, mashed potatoes or curd. Do not put the child immediately full plate, but rather put food in it a little bit;
Do not forget the fork. Alternate cutlery, so that the baby quickly developed a small motor skills of the hands. At breakfast, did the child try to pick up a porridge with a spoon? For lunch, ask him to eat fish meatballs with a safe fork;
Connect all household members to training. If you teach the little creature to use cutlery, and the grandmother will continue to feed him with a spoon, the process will be protracted. A crumb does not understand why he should try to do something himself, if there are adults for this. Explain to your family members your teaching principles and ask them to follow them too;
Observe the schedule. Feed the child strictly at the same time every day, constantly fixing the skills. So you can develop a habit for a child. In addition, eating on schedule improves digestion;
Avoid coercion. In the process of learning the child will sometimes be capricious and refuse to eat independently. If this happens, feed it yourself, and leave the training until the next meal. When the child is not in the spirit, it will not be possible to teach him something anyway;
Have dinner with the whole family. It will be easier for a kid to learn a spoon if he sees how other people manipulate her. He will involuntarily start imitating them. For the same reason, kindergartens quickly learn to eat, dress and walk on their own;
Come up with games to warm up the interest of the karapuza to learn. You can buy him a plate with a funny picture at the bottom and suggest eating a porridge to see a surprise;
Begin training with your child's favorite food and only on an empty stomach. The kid will not want to make an effort to eat something unattractive, especially if there is no appetite;
Praise your child for even minor successes. To rejoice mother, he will try his best;
Keep the kitchen cozy. Buy colored dishes for the child, lay a beautiful tablecloth on the table, decorate the dish. Such trifles increase the mood and improve the appetite.